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Country furniture does have its styles based predominately on religion and region.
The catholic French and the Irish built cupboards with bold moldings, cut out feet, raised panels and they painted their cupboards in bright colors.
Before 1820, hinges were made one at a time by a blacksmith. By 1880, the use of cast iron in the making of butt hinges was discontinued in favor of stamped steel.
The common wood screw underwent a major change in 1846 when T. Sloan of New York City invented the first machine to mass-produce this item.
The slot still had to be cut by hand with a hacksaw.
Country furniture made with these screws can easily be dated to the ten-year period 1846-1856.
Therefore, most boards used in the construction of early cupboards show signs of being cut with an up-and-down saw.
The circular saw although introduced in the mid 1850s could not be made big enough and powerful enough to cut lumber of the size used in furniture construction until 1880.
The methods of working wood also changed during this time.Sloan holds many patents for cutting threads, shaping points, and forming the heads of screws.Before 1846, all screws were handmade and the slot in the top of the screw was hand cut with a hacksaw. Because the new machine made screw was inexpensive, it was readily accepted by cabinetmakers.Items made after 1846 are made using this new screw.For the first ten years of production, machine made screws were made with no slot in their head.